Sunday, May 17, 2020
Sample details Pages: 6 Words: 1660 Downloads: 3 Date added: 2019/05/17 Category Health Essay Level High school Tags: Diabetes Essay Did you like this example? From the above literature review, it is evident that nurses play a significant role in the management of diabetes. One of them is that nurses Offer support services to the diabetes patients since self-management is a complex process which requires professional input. According to Bostrm et al (2014), the role of the professional nurse has been altered in order to offer a patient-centered care to the diabetes patients. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Limited Time Between The Nurse" essay for you Create order It asserts that the role of the nurse has been subdivided into two main distinct categories which include ambivalence towards practicing patient-centered care and bolster relationships with the patient. This was based on three themes which include withdrawal from expertise, inconveniences of altering the routines as well as the insights that patient-centered care is hard to partake but it is possible to attain its objectives. Furthermore, the authors indicated that nurses enrich diabetes patients with the courage to openly discuss the adverse effects of diabetes and ensure that there is close engagement between the patient and the nurse on a daily basis. Also, Moser et al. (2008) assert that self-management among the diabetes patients is a dynamic and complex process that is highly dependent on the unique life situation of an individual. Therefore, in order to achieve a better health outcome among the diabetes patients, there is a need for the diabetes specialist nurses as well as the caregivers to support the patient in self-managing diabetes condition. This helps in attaining quality health outcome among the diabetes patients due to the close relationships established. Nurses also play a critical in educating the patients and other family members especially for the children with diabetes type 1. Children who are diagnosed with diabetes are hospitalized where the family members and the children will get initial diabetes education while in the hospital setting (Sy, V. (2016). As cited by Sy (2016), Nettles (2005) indicated that when the blood glucose of the children have been stabilized and acidosis corrected, the patient can be allowed to go home specifically after three days. Due to the limited time between the nurse, the patient and the family members, it makes it hard to achieve the desired education that ensures effective self-management. The patient will, therefore, go home without adequate support hence making the transition to home difficult (Sy, 2016). Furthermore, according to Lawton (2009), it was not easy to achieve holistic acre among the diabetes patients as they perceive nurses as not always present for other health illnesses. This makes the patient not to take much attention to the guidelines given by the nurses since the reassurance by the healthcare professional helps them believe that their condition is well controlled. Since the clinical nurse specialist is the only healthcare practitioner that is relied on for providing education to the patient and the family members, it makes it hard to achieve the specific health care goals which include adequate support and smooth transition to home. However, given the challenges that are faced by the patients in transiting to home and inadequate support from the nurses, most of the nurses have been trained on multidisciplinary collaborations especially on the aspect of the protocol. The clinical nurse specialists, therefore, have come up with the diabetes resource cart that comprises all the necessary tools for diabetes education (Sy 2016). These materials are made available to the nurses and are outcome oriented. It is through this that nurse confidence in the treatment of diabetes will increase. While it is hard for many people to achieve the treatment targets if diabetes which makes it at a higher risk of complications, there are various methods that can be applied by the nurses to address these challenges. Diabetes is one of the chronic diseases which requires the use of advanced therapy and effective communication and feedback to ensure successful self-management (Ceriello et al2012). Furthermore, the authors indicated that nurses can use the individual profile to enhance adherence to therapy among the diabetes patients to improve outcomes of treatments. The suggested approaches include the use of the six-step cycle for the personalized self-management of diabetes as well as the collaborative use of the structured blood sugar data. Nonetheless, nurses can use the electronic health solutions which allow for effective communication between the nurse and the diabetes patients in the remote areas which cannot be reached easily. Also, other facilitators that help nurses attain self-management of diabetes include algorithms and support tools which help them in making informed decisions regarding the condition of the diabetes patient. In as much as nurses play a significant role in various aspects regarding the diabetes care, there is a gap that exists in the inpatient diabetes. In this regard, there are no clear relationships between the clinical specialties, employment status, age, level of education and the knowledge score (Modic et al., 2014). This means that nurses do not have confidence and are not fully prepared to make decisions regarding the patient care or even offer survival skills for those patients suffering from diabetes in the hospital. It is through this that will affect the self-management of the patients with diabetes in the sense that nurses are not fully prepared to address the challenges that face them. This results in low health outcome among the diabetes patients which makes it hard to manage. However, treatment of hypertension, hypercholesterolemia and hyperglycemia can help reduce the mortality and morbidity in the people affected by diabetes (Zgibor et al 2014). Moreover, the authors indicated that the certified diabetes educators can help in offering a cost-effective strategy for managing diabetes. The tool, therefore, ensures timely diagnosis of type 2 diabetes which prompts the application of effective strategies which include education and support for the patient hence a better healthcare outcome. The interventions applied by the nurses offer better improvements as compared to the normal care for the smoking cessation, serum triglyceride and HbA1c apart from enhancing the independent role of professional nurses in the management of diabetes (Daly, Tian Scragg, 2017). In this case, nurses have played an important role in the management of diabetes which includes educating patients about the condition and lifestyle changes that they should take into consideration for effective management of the condition. Nonetheless, nurses also guide patients in the self-management of the condition to eliminate the risk factors which are associated with the diabetes complications (Daly, Tian Scragg, 2017). Alotaibi et al (2017) indicated that an actual knowledge among the nurses helps in the management of diabetes as compared to the perceived knowledge. It is so because the indicators of high levels knowledge provide ways in which nurses can teach people how to manage diabetes. Nurses help in empowering the diabetics. This is through the enhancement of glycemic control as well as the life of the diabetes patients which necessitates a mix of education and treatment methods that can help in the management of the disease (Peymani et al., 2008). Several studies (Peimani, Monjamed Asgharpoor, 2006) indicates that the dimensions of life quality specifically the physical activity, as well as the feeling of wellbeing, is worse for the diabetics as compared to those that are healthy. Therefore, nurses require adequate knowledge to assist in providing adequate care for the diabetics or those that are at high risk of getting diabetic. Due to this, nurses play an important role in ensuring that diabetics are empowered to manage diabetes effectively by offering appropriate information to the patient and the family members through consultations (Fireman, Bartlett Selby 2004). According to Khoshniat et al, offering proper education to the healthcare providers will not only enhance perfection and knowledge of the children about diabetes but instead, it enhances the quality of care provided at healthcare system (Khoshniat et al 2007). Finally, some studies have indicated that nurses are the major contributors to the enhanced quality of care accorded to the diabetics in the last two decades (Rafique Shaikh 2006). Given the important roles of the nurses in the self-management of diabetes among the patients, it is imperative to have a better understanding of the challenges that affect nurses in ensuring effective delivery of their services to the patients. To properly deliver quality care to the patients, there is a need for the nurses to be open minded so that issues such as cultural practices and beliefs do not adversely influence their role in the management of diabetes. Given the increased cases of the lifestyle diseases, there is need to empower nurses in various ways to enable them to educate and help patients with diabetes. By so doing, it will ensure a society that is free from diabetes and other lifestyle diseases which can be avoided by empowering nurses. In the light of this literature review, there is strong connection between the theoretical framework themes of this study and the findings of reviewed articles. For instance, the study that is conducted by Moser et al (2008) correlates with one of the main components of Pender?s model and Orem?s self-care theory. The findings by Moser et al (2008) show that participants experience their autonomy, which is an essential component in both theories, through performing their diabetic self-management. Self-management is a set of activities that enables health care providers to understand and support patients autonomy. Also, Moser et al (2008) stated that self-management is divided into three main categories accordingly to the findings. Daily self-management (daily routine of self-care) and Off-course self-management (actions in case of acute complication of diabetes) could fit under Orems self-care theory because these actions enable patient to maintain their daily functioning and meet their self-care demands. However, the third category, Preventive self-management, embodies Penders model of Health promotion which focuses on prevention of any complication by changing certain behaviors in favour of optimal outcomes and maintaining the commitment to take action against any decrease in persons life quality. All articles insisted on the importance of patient education in self-management of diabetes as well on necessity of implementing patient-centered care. In this regard also both theories put self-care and continuing patient education as an optimal mechanism to enhance individual?s life quality.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Sherman AlexieÃ¢â¬â¢s The Lone Ranger and Tonto Fistfight in Heaven is a collection of short stories about the lives of the people who live on the Spokane Indian Reservation. The central protagonist of the story is Victor Joseph who we see in many short stories and thus see the plight Native Americans go through in modern day America. The novel shows us the many trials that the people of the Reservation go through and addresses the many serious problems that modern Native Americans face, such as racism, alcoholism, poverty, limited educational opportunities, and being geographical isolated. Ultimately the state of affairs that the modern Native American race goes through stems from the historical events of European colonialism as well as modern day popular culture. One of the major problems that modern Native Americans face are the Americanization or Ã¢â¬Å"white washingÃ¢â¬ of their culture. This is caused by technology as well as the isolation of the reservation compared to the outside world. Ã¢â¬Å"Still, Indians have a way of surviving. But itÃ¢â¬â¢s almost like Indians can easily survive the big stuff. Mass murder, loss of language and land rights. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s the small things that hurt the most. The white waitress who wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t take an order, Tonto, the Washington RedskinÃ¢â¬ (The Lone Ranger and Tonto Fistfight in Heaven E-Book Chapter 5). This passage gives context to the bookÃ¢â¬â¢s title. Tonto was a character from the very old and popular 1950s radio and television series The Lone Ranger. In fact TontoShow MoreRelatedSherman Alexie s The Lone Ranger And Tonto Fistfight1362 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesbelonging to either. The world they were born into had been taken from them and the new, white-washed world wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t h ave them. Even after the removal of such schools, the effect remained. This is true of the Native Americans in Sherman AlexieÃ¢â¬â¢s The Lone Ranger and Tonto Fistfight in Heaven. These characters have had their sense of self stripped away by invasive white culture. However, by telling stories they are able to slowly reclaim their Indian identity. Stories conjure up memories of the past, butRead MoreAnalysis Of Sherman Alexie s The Lone Ranger And Tonto Fistfight 1233 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThroughout Ã¢â¬Å"The Lone Ranger and Tonto Fistfight in HeavenÃ¢â¬ the theme of resilience is deliberately presented. Native Americans past and present continue to face stifling issues such as racism, alcoholism, isolation and suicide. Sherman Alexie makes it his obligation in his stories and poems to show Native American resiliency through humor. By using his characters to show resiliency through humor Alexie presents humor as an integral part of Native American survival. In Sherman AlexieÃ¢â¬â¢s best workRead MoreAnalysis Of Sherman Alexie s The Lone Ranger And Tonto Fistfight 932 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe short story The Lone Ranger and Tonto Fistfight in Heaven lets us know that Sherman Alexie is a Native American poet, novelist, and performer. Sherman Alexie s key characteristics to his writing are irony and dark humor. Sherman AlexieÃ¢â¬â¢s main focus in his writing is his experience as a Native American. Ã¢â¬Å"The Lone Ranger and Tonto Fistfight in HeavenÃ¢â¬ is a short story that talks about his relationship with a white woman. There is also a lot of contrast between the way Native Americans are seenRead MoreAnalysis Of Sherman Alexie s Lone Ranger And Tonto Fistfight Heaven 1598 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageshas been shown through Sherman AlexieÃ¢â¬â¢s Lone Ranger and Tonto Fistfight in Heaven. In this novel, he attempts to shed light on the struggles Native American people, specifically on the Spokane Reservation, withstand through multiple stories and perspectives. Some novels, if their perspective of truth has not been taken into account, still affect people in their everyday lives, albeit major or minor. While all novels do have lessons, whether they be good or bad,Ã an author s obligation to tell theRead MoreRhetorical Analysis Of Sherman Alexie s The Lone Ranger And Tonto Fistfight 1116 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesEdwards Newman 10/26/14 Essay 2 ENC 1102 (Green 2) In his stories Sherman AlexieÃ¢â¬â¢s humor, portays a role that helps bring people together,Alexie s sophisticated use of humor unsettles conventional ways of thinking and helps brain growth, which allows Indian characters to connect to their heritage in ways and forces non-Indian readers to reconsider their ideas on them. Ã¢â¬Å"The Lone Ranger and Tonto Fistfight in HeavenÃ¢â¬ by Sherman Alexie is a humorously told, short story detailing the struggle of an AmericanRead MoreAnalysis Of Sherman Alexie s Lone Ranger And Tonto Fistfight Heaven 1534 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesthis can be shown through Sherman AlexieÃ¢â¬â¢s Lone Ranger and Tonto Fistfight in Heaven. In this novel, he attempts to shed light of the struggles Native American people, specifically on the Spokane Reservation, withstand through multiple stories and perspectives. Some novels, if their perspective of truth is not taken into account, still affect people in their every day lives, albeit major or minor. While all novels do have lessons, whether they be good or bad,Ã an author s obligation to tell the truthRead MoreAnalysis Of Sherman Alexie s The Lone Ranger And Tonto Fistfight 1242 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesone self-identifies. The dominant culture sets the values and expectations of society ideals. When one tries to silently assimi late into the dominant culture without losing their heritage a Hybrid is created. Sherman AlexieÃ¢â¬â¢s combination of short stories, The Lone Ranger and Tonto Fistfight in Heaven, highlights the many struggles Native Americans face within their culture while trying to fit into the White culture. The telling of these stories reveals the Hybridity Native Americans have become;Read MoreAnalysis Of Sherman Alexie s The Lone Ranger And Tonto Fistfight 2477 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesIn Sherman AlexieÃ¢â¬â¢s novel, The Lone Ranger and Tonto Fistfight in Heaven(1993), nearly all of the characters suffer from alcoholism. Those who do not drink, cannot escape the external backlash from an alcoholic environment. Through the stories of the characters in the book, both on and off the reservation, the author is able to distinguish arguments for and against the white people on whether or not they are to blame for the problems Native Americans have faced related to alcoholism. The fate ofRead Mo reAnalysis Of Sherman Alexie s The Lone Ranger And Tonto Fistfight Heaven 1435 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageslegendary warriors of the past. As times change and the days of Indian and cowboy battles are behind us; how is it possible for a warrior to still be relevant in the modern day? Sherman Alexie expresses this idea of a modern-day warrior in his book The Lone Ranger and Tonto Fistfight in Heaven. Many times, throughout the book Alexie brings up the idea of warriors and uses their actions to portray them to seem noble. Multiple characters in the book want to change their current outlook on life and breakRead MoreRhetorical Analysis Of Sherman Alexie s The Lone Ranger And Tonto Fistfight Heaven 1448 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesHumor: Sherman AlexieÃ¢â¬â¢s Comic Connections and Disconnections in The Lone Ranger and Tonto Fistfight in Heaven,Ã¢â¬ the author Joseph L. Coulombe, writes about the humor used in Sherman AlexieÃ¢â¬â¢s short stories. Coulombe argues that in Sherman AlexieÃ¢â ¬â¢s stories that humor is essential for character development and the creation of bonds between these characters. He often makes statements discussing how humor allows AlexieÃ¢â¬â¢s characters to show strength and connect to their Indian heritage. Ã¢â¬Å"The Lone Ranger
High On Fire is a sludge or stoner metal band that have formed around the early 2000s. Considering their popularity, they are one of the most respected bands in the metal community with many of their fans seeing as if they have made little to no mistakes in their music and yes, if they have a problem with one thing, its making a bad song or album by any means. But that just leaves for some extra enjoyment for the rest of us. Luminiferous includes a slight change when compared to some of their previous works which is speed. Dont worry however because you can still make sludgy styled thrash metal because youre High On Fire for one, and two because you can basically use some magic voodoo trickery of layering your guitar and bass recordings, and downtuning the heck out of it. With such a beefy sound, its kind of hard not to like this band truthfully. We will write a custom essay sample on Luminiferous by High On Fire or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page The inclusion of 10 tracks adding up to about 54 minutes in length means that it has a good amount of time for something special, and they save all the sludge for the end tracks like The Cave and Luminiferous. Not to say the more thrashy songs like Slave The Hive, The Falconist, and Carcosa arent bad, far from that. In fact, I almost guarantee youll like both sides of this album whether or not youre familiar with the thrash/sludge part in the first half. There could be some flaws, there are some small ones actually, but theyre so small its hard to really pinpoint from here. I guess one of them is the transition between the first two tracks, Im almost certain Carcosa starts out the same as the first one, which ultimately confuses me. The writing for these tracks are great, its heavy, its sludgy and hey, most people are high up on this on and for good reason too. I really wasnt hoping it would be as good as it actually is. I give this a 9.5/10. I am the Grim Reaper, signing off.
Monday, April 20, 2020
Today's Male Introduction: Socialization For the most part, societies (a group of people which have common traditions, interests and institutions) have a large impact on the development of gender. Children grow up to learn from their parents, their neighbor, the baker down the road and it is this understanding of the world which constructs their lives. There is socialization in general (the learning that neophytes do in order to become functioning members of society), and [there is] gender socialization in particular (the processes through which people learn to be feminine and masculine) (Mackie, 1987:74). This research paper will deal with men in three fundamental areas of their lives: work, intimate relationships and family. To do this, the paper will only deal with men who have gone through socialization in general and who are in the changing process of gender socialization. An infant or child has a crucial need for experience with other human beings for its survival as a physical being and its development as a social being (Mackie, 1987:77). In most societies, for the large part, males have grown up learning or expected to be a dominant figure, one with the power and independence (Doyle, 1989:108). In today's modern society, males are not only affected by family, friends or neighbors; they are now heavily influenced by other mediums, such as, TV, music, movies, sports, books (fairy tales), and magazines. These are but a few influences which help shape the modern male. Men in the Workplace: Work occupies on average 40 hours a week, it therefore plays a considerably large role in peoples' lives. The Feminist movement showed, along with other issues, that it was the environment and structure of the workplace, which affected society a great deal. The Feminist movement highlighted the harsh reality of gender inequality in our society. Consequently, there seems to be an overwhelming consensus that males dominate, and have always dominated in the workplace. The reason for this unbalanced structure, as James Doyle suggests, seems to have validity when one looks at male's extreme sense of competitiveness. Competition and winning are considered masculine characteristics in our society (Doyle, 1989:168). However, competition allows for only one winner. This competitive spirit forces men to think that everything of value and worth in the world is limited or comes in fixed quantities (Doyle, 1989:169). If men grow up learning that competition and independence (as mentioned earlier) is masculine, then having a job and providing, validates men. Men will compete at all costs to provide the best for his family. Being a good provider stipulates that the more goods a male provides for his family's material well-being, the more successful (that is, masculine) he is (Doyle, 1989:173). Perhaps males assertion of masculinity through their job is a defense, a way of insisting on the exclusion of women to protect specific jobs and more general job skills from increased competition (women) (Nelson & Robinson, 1995:183). Men not only have to compete with other males, but now have to compete with women at the workplace, this in turn applies tremendous pressure on today's male. Because of this pressure, politics, sexuality, family responsibilities, and intimate relationships between the two genders have become more tenuous. Males in Intimate Relationships: Men do not want to lose at their job and they bring this mentality into their intimate relationships. This makes men less likely to express their feelings; he would be weak or unmanly if he did so. If men view themselves as independent, then he is less practised at recognizing others', and consequently his own emotions (Buchbinder, 1987:55). For many men, sex focuses these feelings and becomes the only manner of expressing them (Buchbinder, 1987:55). Relationships today are demanding, they are to be equal in all aspects; men are asked to be more expressive, have more involvement in childcare (as we will see later), and equality in domestic work (Buchbinder, 1987:60). In fact, husbands generally have more power and influence in a marriage than wives do (Doyle, 1989:246). Although men have more power, many men feel compelled to 'bad mouth' marriage, often with fellow married friends (Doyle, 1989:248). Despite this apparent inconsistency, men seem to benefit from relationships more than do women (Doyle, 1989:248). According to Doyle, there are several benefits from
Sunday, March 15, 2020
3 Easy Ways to Write More Concisely 3 Easy Ways to Write More Concisely 3 Easy Ways to Write More Concisely By Mark Nichol Writers can employ various categorical strategies to make their writing more active and concise. Here are three simple types of unnecessary wording to keep in mind (and out of oneÃ¢â¬â¢s writing). 1. Extinguish Expletives An expletive is an indirect phrase that only delays a readerÃ¢â¬â¢s acquaintance with the writerÃ¢â¬â¢s point. Expletives include Ã¢â¬Å"There is,Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"there are,Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"there was,Ã¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"there were,Ã¢â¬ as well as any of these phrases with it substituting for there. It is not necessary to always delete expletives, as the current sentence demonstrates, but they should be employed judiciously. In most cases, simply sweep the expletive away and begin with a subject, as in revision of Ã¢â¬Å"There are other steps a company can take before an economic downturn to protect against its impactÃ¢â¬ to Ã¢â¬Å"A company can take other steps before an economic downturn to protect against its impact.Ã¢â¬ 2. Adjust Adjectives to Adverbs Business-speak, when rendered as text, is often notoriously stilted and verbose. One class of wordy wording often found in business writing is represented by such adjective-noun phrases as Ã¢â¬Å"on a daily basis,Ã¢â¬ which is easily replaced by the adverbial form of the adjective (which in this case is identical: daily). Regarding similar usage, Ã¢â¬Å"This issue will be resolved on a case-by-case basisÃ¢â¬ is easily converted to Ã¢â¬Å"This issue will be resolved case by case.Ã¢â¬ (Again, the replacement is identical, though the hyphens are now superfluous.) Sometimes, the writer must replace the adjective, as in the case of timely, which is seldom used as an adverb and does not stand as such on its own: To render Ã¢â¬Å"in a timely mannerÃ¢â¬ more concise, for example, simply substitute promptly. 3. Avoid Adjectives Some adjectives and adverbs themselves are extraneous. Such qualifiers as currently and different almost never contribute to comprehension. For example, in Ã¢â¬Å"We are currently accepting applications,Ã¢â¬ the verb are clearly represents that acceptance of application is a current state, meaning that currently serves no useful purpose, and Ã¢â¬Å"These shirts come in seven different colorsÃ¢â¬ provides no more information than Ã¢â¬Å"These shirts come in seven colors,Ã¢â¬ and different can therefore be omitted without negative consequences. Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Style category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:Bare or Bear With Me?Italicizing Foreign WordsPhrasal Verbs and Phrasal Nouns
Friday, February 28, 2020
Airplanes Designs - Essay Example However, the major concern of the aircrafts that were designed in the early 20th century, starting with the breakthrough that was made by the Wright brothers who developed the first full operational aircraft in 1903, was to develop an aircraft that was lighter than air (Anderson, 12). Therefore, the ancient designs focused on making lighter aircrafts, and therefore entailed the changes in the materials used to make the aircrafts. Further, the aircraft design influences the performance of the aircrafts by further introducing new performance requirements, especially during the first world war, when it became apparent that there was no way the war could have been won without air combat. As a result, the war crafts were designed to consist greater maneuverability, coupled with high speed and ability to fly high altitudes (Stokes, 147). Later, the design influenced the size of aircrafts, towards making large aircrafts to fly, while also allowing heavy loads to be flown in their air, witho ut the impact of the weight of the aircraft brining the air craft down (Wragg, 31). Thus, simply put, the design of the aircraft affect the performance of the airplane through determining the speed, maneuverability, load and weight capacity, usage for example in wars and he safety of the aircraft while taking off, flying and landing. How designs changed over the time The ancient Airplane Designs entailed the use of twin tractor propellers as their engine, and a fitted horizontal tail, while the aircraft was powered by compressed air, with the aircraft being fitted with an air tank that acted as a fuselage (Anderson, 7). This was later advanced to a single flight engine that was developed by the Wright brothers for their aircraft, which was fitted with 2 hp water-cooled four-cylinder, with a fuel injection (Wragg, 56). Further, in 1926, more advancement was made in the engine modification and an air-cooled radial engine, which was lighter, was introduced, marking the beginning of tra nsformation of the Airplanes Designs from engine-focused into size modification, considering that the lighter, air-cooled radial engine made it possible for the aircrafts to fly for longer and carry more weight (Stokes, 153). The Airplanes engine designs advancement was further achieved courtesy of a V-8 engine that was an improvement on the previous four-cylinder engine, which then introduced the aspect of direct fuel injection in aircraft engines, as well as the evaporative water cooling concept that allowed the water cooling the engine to evaporate, thus making the aircrafts even lighter, making it possible for the engine to generate a high power of 50 hp (Anderson, 44). The advancement in the Airplane Design saw the rise of the 3-cylinder semi radial fan-engine, which forthwith introduced the concept of aircraft engine using a fan, as opposed to the previous cooling of the engine using water, in 1909 (Wragg, 51). Consequently, it was now possible to fly an aircraft that was much heavier than the air, and the design aspect of the aircraft changed focus from the engine to the body of the aircrafts, with the transformation of the wings to make them thinner and more efficient, while the safety concerns were further addressed through interior designs that incorporated seat designs that were able to remain in place
Wednesday, February 12, 2020
Strategic Management Plan for Sear's Holding Company - Term Paper Example Sears Roebuck & Company was planned to enter into a merger with Kmart by Edward Lampert who worked as a hedge-fund manager. The merger was initiated with the aim to intensify the existence of Sears and create Sears Holding Corporation. However, the financial position of Sears Holding Corporation seemed to be worsening post merger along with a drop in their share prices. The company was learnt to be over burdened with debt. A drop was also experienced in the volume of sales of the company. Owing to all these reasons, the company was facing a huge dip in its share prices. To add more, the adjusted earnings of the company were predicted to drop considerably along with a cash crisis. The company had also failed to make payments for its respective credit lines (Laing, 2011). The waning sales, over expending on restructuring the stores, poor merchandising and unwise micromanaging was suffered by the company due to which the share price of the company was estimated to witness a decline by around 50%. As per the Fitch ratings, the company was ranked in the junk territory in terms of its debt. Furthermore, the liquidity of the company was expected to remain insufficient in the year 2012, in case the company fails to exploit the markets for fresh cash. On the other hand, the company was stated to hold a considerable share of inventory along with a significant portfolio of the possessed real estate which ranged from $8 billion to $10 billion. However, the worth of the real estate which was chiefly situated at the Borders was required to be ascertained. Therefore, with the aim to avoid such insufficiency of funds, the company is required to set an appropriate strategic management plan which would assist the company to a significant extent to overcome its seriou s financial crunch by bringing in fresh funds (Laing, 2011). The fresh strategic management plan for the company should entail few considerable alterations in its stores by getting rid of the entire soft-line inventories for the reason of enhancing the sales. The soft-line inventories would entail the poorly performing shoes, jewelry and apparel which have been believed and observed to lack the ability of appealing to the customers in the arena of soft-lines. Hence, it is required for the company to amalgamate few of the outstanding part of the inventory with the offerings of Kmart (Albrecht, Brainard, Fadgen, Jackson & Sengbusch, 2009). The company should also focus on expanding few of its product lines such as the kitchen appliances and dining furnitures. The company should also undertake necessary steps to intensify the advertising activities related to the electronic products that are offered. The mentioned alterations along with the additions would prove to be sufficient to rep lace the soft-lines products to a significant extent. The company should also try and shift its concentration on catalogue & internet retail, automotive repair, consumer appliances as well as electronics retail and supply of building material in order to diversify and attain competitive advantage. In order to strengthen the defensive walls of the company, it needs to consider the options of entering into a few selected partnerships with certain companies, particularly in the field of automotive care (Albrecht, Brainard, Fadgen, Jackson & Sengbusch, 2009). To augment the demand of the amended platform or array of products as well as services, the company requires shifting its degree of emphasis to the adults of the middle class varying from 25 years to 64 years as this particular age group is considered to hold the